Home   Federal Cases   State Cases   News   Search   Cart   Log In 
 
Search 591,341 Cases and Articles on TJV!
 
Ohio State Categories







In re A.P.

Case No. 12CA0022-M (OH Ct. App., Dist. 9, Aug. 27, 2012)

INTRODUCTION



This appeal involves the permanent custody of a minor who had been removed from the legal custody of her maternal grandmother and adjudicated a dependent child. Although Medina County Job and Family Services filed initial case plans that had the goal of returning the child to the grandmother’s home, the juvenile court later ordered that the grandmother be removed from the case plan. The juvenile court reasoned that the grandmother was not a suitable relative to provide a home for the child and that she lost her status as the child’s legal custodian when it placed the child in the temporary custody of Job and Family Services. Because there were no other suitable relatives to provide the child with a permanent home, Job and Family Services moved for, and was granted, permanent custody. The grandmother appealed, arguing that the juvenile court’s removal of her from the child’s case plan violated her constitutional and statutory rights as the child’s legal custodian. She has further argued that the juvenile court incorrectly decided to place the child in the permanent custody of Job and Family Services. This Court reverses the juvenile court’s judgment because, as the child’s custodian, the grandmother had statutory rights to be included in the child’s case plan and to continue working toward reunification with the child.

BACKGROUND



In a prior dependency case, the juvenile court removed the minor child, A.P., from the custody of her mother and later adjudicated her a dependent child. Although the facts of that case are not part of the record, it is not disputed that A.P. lived in a foster home for several months and was not reunified with her mother. In November 2009, the juvenile court placed A.P. in the legal custody of her maternal grandmother. The juvenile court initially ordered protective supervision by Job and Family Services, but terminated protective supervision and closed the case the following month.

This case began in June 2010, when Job and Family Services filed a dependency complaint, alleging that the grandmother had left A.P. in the care of her mother, who was not a suitable caregiver and was living in an inappropriate environment. By stipulation of the grandmother and the mother, A.P. was adjudicated a dependent child under Section 2151.04(C) of the Ohio Revised Code, which defines a dependent child as any child “[w]hose condition or environment is such as to warrant the state, in the interests of the child, in assuming the child’s guardianship[.]” The juvenile court allowed A.P. to remain in the grandmother’s custody under an order of protective supervision. One month later, however, A.P. was removed from the grandmother’s home and placed in the temporary custody of Job and Family Services because the grandmother violated the agreed order of protective supervision by again leaving A.P. in the care of her mother.
 

 

Judge(s): Clair E. Dickinson
Jurisdiction: Ohio Court of Appeals, District 9
Related Categories: Domestic Relations
 
Court of Appeals Judge(s)
Eve Belfance
Donna Carr
Clair Dickinson

 
Appellant Lawyer(s) Appellant Law Firm(s)
Daniel Gigiano Law Office

 
Appellee Lawyer(s) Appellee Law Firm(s)
Richard Barbera Law Office
Eugene Elias Law Office
Jennifer Moore Law Office

 
Interested party Lawyer(s) Interested party Law Firm(s)
Jennifer Matyac

 

CUSTOM EMAIL ALERTS!

With your FREE registration, you can select an unlimited number of Alert categories for daily, weekly or monthly deliveries of the Federal and State Cases most relevant
to you!

Click Here to sign up.

 



Click the maroon box above for a formatted PDF of the decision.
the care of the grandmother. job and family services later filed the initial case plan that focused {¶31} that provision obviously contemplates that the “custodian” is the person who had error is sustained. agency, it would be illogical to require the agency to provide the custodian with procedural suitable caregiver and was living in an inappropriate environment. by stipulation of the placed a.p. in the legal custody of her maternal grandmother. the juvenile court initially the grandmother’s visitation because it was uncertain about the status of her relationship with a person with legal custody or the agency with temporary custody, but that it cannot be both at dickinson, judge. on remedying the problems in the grandmother’s home that posed a risk to a.p.’s safety. after rights, particularly a visitation schedule prior to the case plan, if it were intended that those rights the goal of returning a.p. to her home. for example, it could have required continued family services, the agency began reunification efforts, with a goal of returning a.p. safely to legal custody of the child at the time of removal and that the custodian retains that status for complaint, alleging that the grandmother had left a.p. in the care of her mother, who was not a must conclude that the juvenile court’s construction of the term led to an unreasonable result, an order of protective supervision. one month later, however, a.p. was removed from the from the case plan. the primary concern alleged by the guardian was the grandmother’s concurs. “or,” which is commonly defined as a disjunctive term that connects two alternatives. r.c. 1.42; context of the case planning provisions of chapter 2151 of the ohio revised code, this court family services proposed an amendment to the case plan to allow visits away from the agency {¶36} although the guardian ad litem may have raised a legitimate concern about or custodian,” are bound by the terms of the case plan. to continue working toward reunification with the child. order under section 2151.42(b), job and family services commenced a new dependency case by grandmother be removed from the case plan. the juvenile court reasoned that the grandmother to “evaluate the effectiveness of supportive services offered and provided to the child, his or her be permanent in nature.” section 2151.42(b) further provides that the juvenile court “shall not” purposes, the term “custodian” continues to refer to the person who, prior to the child’s removal job and family services, the grandmother, and the guardian ad litem. during the hearing, reasonable result, reading it within the context of the statutes in which it is applied, and there were reasonable grounds for this appeal. case plan, job and family services expressed its position that reunification of a.p. with the 6 removal.” if the child is removed from the home, the agency is required to provide “the parent, explicitly contemplates that, as a.p.’s legal custodian, she had rights as the child’s legally- )ss: ninth judicial district custody of the child, that status is explicitly intended to be “temporary.” it is a status of alternatively, to grant her increased visitation. that appeal for lack of a final, appealable order. in re a.p., 196 ohio app. 3d 500, 2011-ohio- removed her from the case plan and denied her motion for legal custody, this court dismissed custody. child’s legal custodian when it placed the child in the temporary custody of job and family 8 occurred in the circumstances of the child or the person who was granted legal custody, and that requires the agency to develop a visitation schedule for “each child in temporary custody” to however, job and family services withdrew its request to amend the case plan. consequently, home retains that status for case planning purposes after the child is placed in the temporary the grandmother’s friend with whom she had also spent time, they discovered through internet had the right to be part of the case plan. three months. the stated purpose of the review includes ensuring that continued efforts are made grandmother continued to be the appropriate goal of the case plan. {¶32} even after the formal transfer of custody to the agency, although the agency also required to complete drug treatment and submit to random, weekly drug screens to address construction might seem reasonable. considering this term as it is used in chapter 2151, language in chapter 2151 to suggest that the juvenile court’s order of temporary custody to job acquires temporary legal rights and obligations as the child’s custodian, for case planning joint counseling sessions with a.p. and the child’s individual therapist. the grandmother was regulations require that, if the agency initiates the case planning process, it must provide verbal judgment, and it shall be file stamped by the clerk of the court of appeals at which time the environment is such as to warrant the state, in the interests of the child, in assuming the child’s to help the family remedy its problems and return the child to her “home” or, if that is not grandmother and job and family services presented evidence about the significant bond and recognize how her choices affect the child had significantly improved during the previous few supportive services provided to the child and/or his or her parent, guardian, or custodian” and an 4 {¶19} it was not until after the guardian ad litem moved the juvenile court to remove the the ohio revised code. juvenile court incorrectly concluded that the grandmother had lost her statutory right to custodian will help the child return to a safe environment, if applicable.” ohio admin. code was for the agency to assume “temporary” custody of a child while it assisted the family in begin with, although the definition of “[c]ustodian” includes an agency that has temporary the grandmother violated the agreed order of protective supervision by again leaving a.p. in the assume custody of the child. in opposition, the grandmother argued that she was not simply a develop an understanding of how to protect a.p. from inappropriate adults. to accomplish that {¶4} for several months after a.p. was removed from the grandmother’s home, job the term “custodian” within the context of the applicable provisions of the ohio revised code 5101:2-42-92(b) requires the agency to consult the custodian in developing the visitation plan conduct of the custodian that may be harmful or detrimental to the child). instead, by removing concurs in judgment only. care” to include providing for the child’s basic needs by the child’s “parent, guardian or {¶29} in addition to specific statutory requirements for case plans, section belfance, j. explicitly recognize a legal custodian as a person who has assumed the parental role in a child’s that a.p. was dependent due to the condition or environment of the home where she lived under efforts “to provide support and services to children and families in their homes to prevent {¶24} on the other hand, under section 2151.42(b) of the ohio revised code, the {¶17} as the grandmother emphasized to the juvenile court, the ohio revised code argued that the juvenile court incorrectly decided to place the child in the permanent custody of based on specific factors that include potential harm to the child and the “custodian’s failure to relationship with richard and the extent to which she understood that she could not allow a.p. to {¶27} under section 2151.41.2(a)(1) and (2) of the ohio revised code, the agency was grandmother appealed, arguing that the juvenile court’s removal of her from the child’s case plan ordered protective supervision by job and family services, but terminated protective supervision outcome of the prior appeal, the grandmother was removed from the case plan after the appeal and family services developed and maintained a case plan that focused on returning a.p. to the her relationship with richard in august 2010, she admitted at the hearing that their relationship and sets forth the factors that should be considered to determine the frequency, duration, and grandmother renewed her motion for legal custody. following a hearing, the juvenile court grandmother should be removed from the case plan because she was an unsuitable relative to necessary, citing this court’s decision in in re burmeister, 9th dist. no. 19157, 1999 wl and written notice to certain parties, including the “custodian” and allow the custodian to care of her mother. individual counseling and, more recently, had been involved in joint counseling with a.p. her appeal from judgment the grandmother has appealed, assigning three errors. court places the child in the temporary custody of a children services agency. therefore, the participate in the reunification efforts of the case plan and continue working toward reunification 2151.01.1(b)(21) defines “[l]egal custody” as “a legal status that vests in the custodian the right whom the agency must direct case planning reunification efforts is not the agency itself, but can {¶23} other than the disjunctive word “or” in the definition of custodian, there is no from the legal custody of her maternal grandmother and adjudicated a dependent child. have contact with him. although the grandmother had told her caseworker that she had ended richard posing a potential threat to a.p., the juvenile court had other means to protect a.p. that may be read ‘or’ and ‘or’ may be read ‘and’ if the sense requires it.” research that he was a convicted sex offender. the foster parents were unable to convince job provide “an opportunity for regular and frequent visitation” with his “custodian.” section {¶2} in a prior dependency case, the juvenile court removed the minor child, a.p., instructed to mail a notice of entry of this judgment to the parties and to make a notation of the case plan, the child’s legal custodian does not lose her status as “custodian” when the juvenile r.c. 1.47(c); r.c. 1.49(a), (b), and (f). when the term “[c]ustodian” is construed within the is required that must include the agency’s “conclusion regarding the appropriateness of services, the agency became her custodian, so the juvenile court concluded that the grandmother of her procedural rights under chapter 2151 of the ohio revised code, her first assignment of lost her status as custodian at that time. moreover, by transferring custody of a.p. to the {¶20} section 2151.01.1 does not define the term “legal custodian” but instead defines agency, the grandmother no longer had the right to determine where and with whom a.p. would and (j). section 2151.41.2(f)(1) further provides that all parties, including the “parent, guardian, and make appropriate decisions. the therapist who conducted the joint sessions testified about granted the agency permanent custody and denied the grandmother’s motion for legal custody. supervision of the visits or added requirements to the case plan to ensure that a.p. had no contact {¶6} the guardian ad litem, however, filed an objection to the amendment proposed by and family services terminated the grandmother’s status as a.p.’s legal custodian, insofar as that possible, to find a suitable caregiver who is part of her extended family. r.c. 2151.41.2(g), (h), in chapter 2151 of the ohio revised code. e.g., in re i.s., 9th dist. no. 24763, 2009-ohio- visited a.p. and that their visits went well. the grandmother had been regularly participating in richard, it also did not support the guardian’s request to remove her from the case plan. the would have allowed the grandmother to remain on the case plan and continue working toward custody order. although job and family services suggests that such findings were not privileges, and responsibilities.” custodian.” job and family services and further requested that the juvenile court remove the grandmother background of the ohio revised code, which defines a dependent child as any child “[w]hose condition or grandmother and the progress that the grandmother had made on the reunification goals of the 12 9 home of the grandmother, her legal custodian. the case plan noted as family “strengths” that been removed from the custody of her permanent caretaker. “temporary custody” is defined in participate in the development, implementation, and review of the case plan. ohio admin. code court of common pleas 15 to be construed according to common usage, the juvenile court evidently focused on the word that would be supervised by the maternal great-grandmother, rather than job and family attachment between the grandmother and a.p. and the progress that the grandmother had made modification or termination of the order is necessary to serve the best interest of the child.” r.c. 5101:2-38-10(n)(2) and (4). explicitly recognized as the place where the child resided, prior to the commencement of an appearances: {¶28} although the term “home” is not defined in chapter 2151, the child’s home is in re: a.p. c.a. no. 12ca0022-m goal, the grandmother and a.p. each began individual counseling. the grandmother later began only be the person who formerly had physical and legal custody of the child. sections 5101:2- was dismissed. job and family services again moved for permanent custody of a.p. and the assignments of error were not addressed because they have been rendered moot. the judgment noted that a.p. looked to the grandmother for support, had a loving respect for her, and followed suitable relative to become the custodian of a.p. the following month, because job and family “in custody or under protective supervision” of a public children services agency. those the case plan, and she moved the juvenile court accordingly. the foster parents’ lawyer later planning and reunification efforts are required to be directed to the person who was the child’s rights for the protection of a.p. because, by later stipulation of the parties, the child’s condition {¶8} no evidence was presented to explain the details of richard’s sex offense, but conclusion have contact with a.p. although not made clear in the juvenile court, the evidence also time job and family services commenced this dependency and neglect case. the agency alleged required to prepare and maintain a case plan for a.p. because it filed a complaint alleging that county of medina ) {¶18} the parties did not dispute that the grandmother was a.p.’s legal custodian at the well.” the “strengths” further emphasized that the grandmother was “very bonded and implementing, and changing case plans. throughout those administrative regulations, case evidence that focused on the primary reason that a.p. had been removed from the grandmother’s the “healthy bond” and “very appropriate attachment” between the grandmother and a.p. and of that case are not part of the record, it is not disputed that a.p. lived in a foster home for services. the grandmother later moved the juvenile court to return a.p. to her legal custody or, a.p. was “very attached to [the grandmother] and ha[d] adjusted to living in her home very a.p. returned to her custody, or be removed from the case plan. the guardian ad litem presented state of ohio ) in the court of appeals {¶22} this court must also construe the definition in a manner that achieves a guardianship[.]” the juvenile court allowed a.p. to remain in the grandmother’s custody under guardian no longer believed that the grandmother was a suitable custodian for a.p. and asked the {¶26} rather than pursuing a modification or termination of the prior legal custody richard barbera, attorney at law, for appellee. in the place of a parent in the child’s home, is included in the reunification process. section dependency, and neglect cases is strictly governed by a comprehensive statutory scheme set forth introduction agency contact information, and a visitation schedule prior to issuing a formal case plan. section 3 she was a dependent child and later obtained temporary custody of her. although the child’s for the court position that, when the juvenile court placed a.p. in the temporary custody of job and family . . that has permanent, temporary, or legal custody of a child.” given that statutory language is period for review shall begin to run. app.r. 22(c). the clerk of the court of appeals is webster’s third new international dictionary 1585 (1993). construing “or” as a disjunctive live, nor could she exercise her other rights and duties as a legal custodian. grandmother and richard had exchanged text messages for even longer. for that reason, the or environment warranted the state to assume her guardianship. 5101:2-39-01(j) and (k). committed to [a.p.]” the case plan goals for the grandmother focused primarily on her need to safety is to be of “paramount concern,” the overriding purpose of the case plan is for the agency services had found no other suitable relative for placement of a.p., it moved for permanent 5101:2-39-01(a) of the ohio administrative code requires that the agency make reasonable 2 “may be terminated at any time at the discretion of the court[.]” section 2151.35.3(f) further {¶16} this court has repeatedly emphasized that the juvenile court’s authority in abuse, and family services that the grandmother’s involvement with richard was a reason to stop {¶34} it is apparent throughout the administrative regulations that the “custodian” to grandmother’s home and placed in the temporary custody of job and family services because 5 “[c]ustodian” as “a person who has legal custody of a child or a public children services agency . home, job and family services moved for, and was granted, permanent custody. the return the child to her home. parent, guardian, custodian, or pre-finalized adoptive parent, or substitute caregiver.” for {¶1} this appeal involves the permanent custody of a minor who had been removed 11 241219 (apr. 14, 1999), the reasoning of burmeister has no application here because that appeal with food, shelter, education, and medical care, all subject to any residual parental rights, this court is more persuaded by her statutory argument and will limit its review accordingly. 2009 legal custody order under section 2151.42(b), nor did the juvenile court make either of the grandmother from the case plan. required statutory findings that would have authorized it to modify or terminate its prior legal mailing in the docket, pursuant to app.r. 30. with richard. see also r.c. 2151.35.9(a)(1)(a) (juvenile court may issue an order to restrain the {¶25} job and family services did not seek to modify or terminate the juvenile court’s with richard and the fact that she had allowed a.p. to spend time with him. job and family clair e. dickinson her admitted use of marijuana and alcohol. she completed drug and alcohol treatment and returning the child to the grandmother’s home, the juvenile court later ordered that the jennifer a moore, attorney at law, for appellee. the ohio revised code when it removed her from the case plan and prevented job and family child to the home. will not be addressed. agency to reunify the family and defeated the underlying purpose of the statutory mandates under based its conclusion on the definition of “[c]ustodian” set forth in section 2151.01.1(b)(12) of planning process. given the required family reunification purpose of the case plan and the use of {¶12} job and family services argued that, although it no longer supported expanding of the medina county juvenile court is reversed, and this matter is remanded. services from continuing to work toward returning a.p. to her home. child’s custodian, the grandmother had statutory rights to be included in the child’s case plan and individual counselor testified that the grandmother was learning to set boundaries with people the person with legal custody or the agency with temporary custody, depending on the context in case no. 2010 06 de 0023 provides for termination of an order of temporary custody after one year, if not extended, and and cause remanded. convince her that the grandmother’s involvement with richard was a reason to remove her from 14 consistently submitted negative drug screens throughout this case. juvenile court to remove her from the case plan. however, it would also be reasonable to construe the definition to mean that a custodian is either custody filed by job and family services, the juvenile court effectively cut off any efforts of the consistently used within the context of statutory and administrative provisions governing the case relative who was seeking legal custody, but instead was already the child’s legal custodian and fundamental rights as a.p.’s legal custodian by removing her from the case plan and ultimately {¶5} on october 27, 2010, given the grandmother’s progress on the case plan, job and “custodian” in that manner would also defeat the underlying goal of the case plan to return the {¶7} the juvenile court held a hearing on the proposed case plan amendments filed by several months and was not reunified with her mother. in november 2009, the juvenile court location of visits. restrictions on the frequency, duration, and location of the visits must be the grandmother’s home. the parties worked toward reunification for the next several months. entered a notice of intention to present evidence at the hearing to support removing the custody of the agency. reunification purposes after the child is removed from the home. although a child is sometimes plan based on its conclusion that she had lost her status as the child’s custodian and was not a services had been aware of the grandmother’s past involvement with richard but, prior to the children who are placed outside the home, a semi-annual administrative review of the case plan and closed the case the following month. chapter 2151 of the ohio revised code. because the juvenile court deprived the grandmother {¶11} in her closing argument to the juvenile court, the guardian ad litem argued that the modify or terminate a legal custody order unless it explicitly finds, based on facts that have services. because there were no other suitable relatives to provide the child with a permanent placing a.p. in the permanent custody of job and family services. although the grandmother grandmother might again allow a.p. to spend time with him if the juvenile court returned her to which the term is used. section 1.02(f) of the ohio revised code further provides that “‘[a]nd’ 5998, ¶ 15 (9th dist.). because the juvenile court had stayed its proceedings pending the {¶35} the references quoted here are only examples of how the term “custodian” is immediately upon the filing hereof, this document shall constitute the journal entry of costs taxed to appellee. 5101:2-38-05 of the administrative code sets forth specific case plan requirements for children be available for more frequent or longer visits.” id. the only reasonable interpretation of this none of the parties disputed that he was a convicted sex offender and an inappropriate adult to 5101:2-38-05(b)(1). grandmother and the mother, a.p. was adjudicated a dependent child under section 2151.04(c) established that any contact between richard and a.p. predated the child’s removal from the the hearing focused on whether the grandmother should have increased visitation with a.p., have remaining assignments of error shall live, and the right and duty to protect, train, and discipline the child and to provide the child grandmother from the case plan that job and family services and the juvenile court took the dependent child based on the conditions in her home environment. section 2151.04(c) which undermined the overriding goal of chapter 2151 to attempt to reunify this family and although medina county job and family services filed initial case plans that had the goal of arisen since the prior order or were unknown to the court at that time, “that a change has has based her legal argument on both the united states constitution and the ohio revised code, section 2151.01.1(b)(55) as legal custody of a child who has been removed from the home that on the reunification goals of the case plan. it was not disputed that the grandmother consistently the grandmother from the case plan, as evidenced by the almost immediate motion for permanent agency stressed that its philosophy, as well as the underlying goal of ohio’s dependency statutes, jennifer matyac, guardian ad litem. services. {¶30} from the beginning of a dependency case, the child’s legal custodian, who stands {¶15} the grandmother’s first assignment of error is that the juvenile court violated her had continued for at least three more months. the guardian ad litem presented evidence that the dated: august 27, 2012 {¶37} the remaining assignments of error have been rendered moot. accordingly, they judgment reversed with a.p. her guidance. she also testified that the grandmother’s interaction with a.p. and ability to abuse, dependency, of neglect case, with one or both of her parents, guardian, or custodian. r.c. custody and adjudicated a dependent child in this case: the grandmother’s failure to protect a.p. carr, j. we order that a special mandate issue out of this court, directing the court of common ongoing service providers gather and review information about each case plan at least every 6432, ¶ 10-11. the grandmother has argued that ohio’s dependency and neglect statutes decision and journal entry 2151.42(b). 10 from inappropriate people. specifically, the guardian focused on the grandmother’s relationship guardian, or custodian” with verbal and written information that includes the reason for removal, services, the agency became the child’s legal custodian and the grandmother lost her status as was not a suitable relative to provide a home for the child and that she lost her status as the involvement with a man named richard. after a.p. mentioned “richard” to the foster parents as pleas, county of medina, state of ohio, to carry this judgment into execution. a certified copy {¶13} the juvenile court ordered that the agency remove the grandmother from the case connector, the juvenile court could construe this language to mean that a “[c]ustodian” is either {¶10} in addition to the evidence about the grandmother’s relationship with richard, the violated her constitutional and statutory rights as the child’s legal custodian. she has further the same time. given that it had placed a.p. in the temporary custody of job and family a.p. was removed from the grandmother’s home and placed in the temporary custody of job and control the content and format of case plans and establish procedures for developing, and ohio administrative code, this court can only conclude that, for purposes of the child’s would be lost if and when the agency later acquires temporary custody. to construe the term working toward reunification. given the positive family bond between a.p. and her specifically, she maintains that the juvenile court violated its authority under chapter 2151 of daniel gigiano, attorney at law, for appellant. filing a complaint under section 2151.27 of the ohio revised code, alleging that a.p. was a county of medina, ohio necessity that grants the agency the temporary legal right and duty to care for a child who has {¶9} the primary dispute at the hearing was whether the grandmother had ended her “[e]valuation of whether services provided to the child and his or her parent, guardian, or {¶38} the grandmother’s first assignment of error is sustained. her remaining {¶21} reading the definition of “[c]ustodian” in isolation, the juvenile court’s {¶33} more directly on point, section 5101:2-42-92 of the ohio administrative code hearing, believed that the grandmother had ended the relationship because she told her from the home, cared for the child under an order of legal custody. for example, section 2151.41.2(c)(1) of the ohio revised code required the adoption of administrative regulations to language is that the person who was the “custodian” prior to the removal of the child from the 17 reunification efforts. therefore, they contacted the guardian ad litem and apparently were able to prohibits the juvenile court from extending temporary custody beyond two years. grandmother’s home. at the time of the hearing, the threat posed by richard was that the juvenile court’s 2009 order that placed a.p. in the grandmother’s legal custody was “intended to of this journal entry shall constitute the mandate, pursuant to app.r. 27. 16 months. [cite as in re a.p., 2012-ohio-3873.] eugene elias, attorney at law, for appellee. the grandmother’s home or expanded visitation to remove supervision by job and family status pertained to the reunification and case planning efforts that were required in this case. to authorized temporary state interference with the grandmother’s caretaking role and custodial removal of grandmother from case plan legal custodian. although it did not further explain in its order, the juvenile court apparently legal caretaker at the time the case began: a parent or parents, guardian, or custodian. predated enactment of section 2151.42 of the revised code. recognized caretaker, which were subject only to the residual rights of a.p.’s parents. section to have physical care and control of the child and to determine where and with whom the child home and is entitled to certain procedural protections in abuse, dependency, and neglect cases. from the custody of her mother and later adjudicated her a dependent child. although the facts {¶14} although the grandmother immediately appealed the juvenile court’s order that 2151.03, 2151.03.1, and 2151.04. section 2151.01.1(b)(1) further defines “[a]dequate parental job and family services. this court reverses the juvenile court’s judgment because, as the entered in the 13 {¶3} this case began in june 2010, when job and family services filed a dependency 7 physically removed from the home before the juvenile court grants temporary custody to the considering the object sought to be attained and any administrative construction of the term. caseworker that she had. 38-09 and 5101:2-40-02(t) of the ohio administrative code require that the agency and its


All Content © 2007-2012 The Judicial View, L.L.C. All Right Reserved.
About The Judicial View ®  | Privacy Policy   |  Terms of Use   |  Contact Us  |  Advertise